// "This OpenStax book is available for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11406/1.9 ]
// [0]tipo Entrata (BOOK|CAP|PAR|AN),[1] numero,[2]nome, [3]pagina ]
INDICE=
[
[CAP,1," Introduction: The Nature of Science and Physics", 5 ]
,[PAR,0,"Physics: An Introduction",6 ]
,[PAR,0,"Physical Quantities and Units",13]
,[PAR,0,"Accuracy, Precision, and Significant Figures",20 ]
,[PAR,0,"Approximation", 24 ]
,[CAP,2,"Kinematics", 31 ]
,[PAR,0,"Displacement",32 ]
,[PAR,0,"Vectors, Scalars, and Coordinate Systems",35 ]
,[PAR,0,"Time, Velocity, and Speed", 36 ]
,[PAR,0,"Acceleration", 40 ]
,[PAR,0,"Motion Equations for Constant Acceleration in One Dimension", 49 ]
,[PAR,0,"Problem-Solving Basics for One-Dimensional Kinematics", 59 ]
,[PAR,0,"Falling Objects",61 ]
,[PAR,0,"Graphical Analysis of One-Dimensional Motion", 69 ]
,[CAP,3,"Two-Dimensional Kinematics", 87 ]
,[PAR,0,"Kinematics in Two Dimensions: An Introduction", 88 ]
,[PAR,0,"Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods", 91 ]
,[PAR,0,"Vector Addition and Subtraction: Analytical Methods", 98 ]
,[PAR,0,"Projectile Motion", 104 ]
,[PAR,0,"Addition of Velocities", 112 ]
,[CAP,4,"Dynamics: Force and Newton's Laws of Motion", 131 ]
,[PAR,0,"Development of Force Concept", 133 ]
,[PAR,0,"Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia",134 ]
,[PAR,0,"Newton's Second Law of Motion: Concept of a System", 134 ]
,[PAR,0,"Newton's Third Law of Motion: Symmetry in Forces", 140 ]
,[PAR,0,"Normal, Tension, and Other Examples of Forces", 143 ]
,[PAR,0,"Problem-Solving Strategies", 151 ]
,[PAR,0,"Further Applications of Newton's Laws of Motion", 153 ]
,[PAR,0,"Extended Topic: The Four Basic Forces-An Introduction", 159 ]
,[CAP,5,"Further Applications of Newton's Laws: Friction, Drag, and Elasticity", 173 ]
,[PAR,0,"Friction",174 ]
,[PAR,0,"Drag Forces", 179 ]
,[PAR,0,"Elasticity: Stress and Strain", 184 ]
,[CAP,6,"Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation", 199 ]
,[PAR,0,"Rotation Angle and Angular Velocity", 200 ]
,[PAR,0,"Centripetal Acceleration", 204 ]
,[PAR,0,"Centripetal Force", 208 ]
,[PAR,0,"Fictitious Forces and Non-inertial Frames: The Coriolis Force",212 ]
,[PAR,0,"Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation", 215 ]
,[PAR,0,"Satellites and Kepler's Laws: An Argument for Simplicity", 222 ]
,[CAP,7,"Work, Energy, and Energy Resources",239 ]
,[PAR,0,"Work: The Scientific Definition", 240 ]
,[PAR,0,"Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem", 242 ]
,[PAR,0,"Gravitational Potential Energy", 247 ]
,[PAR,0,"Conservative Forces and Potential Energy",252 ]
,[PAR,0,"Nonconservative Forces", 255 ]
,[PAR,0,"Conservation of Energy",260 ]
,[PAR,0,"Power", 264 ]
,[PAR,0,"Work, Energy, and Power in Humans", 268 ]
,[PAR,0,"World Energy Use",270 ]
,[CAP,8,"Linear Momentum and Collisions", 285 ]
,[PAR,0,"Linear Momentum and Force",286 ]
,[PAR,0,"Impulse", 288 ]
,[PAR,0,"Conservation of Momentum",290 ]
,[PAR,0,"Elastic Collisions in One Dimension", 294 ]
,[PAR,0,"Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension", 296 ]
,[PAR,0,"Collisions of Point Masses in Two Dimensions",300 ]
,[PAR,0,"Introduction to Rocket Propulsion", 303 ]
,[CAP,9,"Statics and Torque", 315 ]
,[PAR,0,"The First Condition for Equilibrium", 316 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Second Condition for Equilibrium", 317 ]
,[PAR,0,"Stability", 322 ]
,[PAR,0,"Applications of Statics, Including Problem-Solving Strategies", 325 ]
,[PAR,0,"Simple Machines", 328 ]
,[PAR,0,"Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints",332 ]
,[CAP,10,"Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum", 345 ]
,[PAR,0,"Angular Acceleration",346 ]
,[PAR,0,"Kinematics of Rotational Motion",350 ]
,[PAR,0,"Dynamics of Rotational Motion: Rotational Inertia", 355 ]
,[PAR,0,"Rotational Kinetic Energy: Work and Energy Revisited", 359 ]
,[PAR,0,"Angular Momentum and Its Conservation",366 ]
,[PAR,0,"Collisions of Extended Bodies in Two Dimensions",372 ]
,[PAR,0,"Gyroscopic Effects: Vector Aspects of Angular Momentum", 376 ]
,[CAP,11,"Fluid Statics", 389 ]
,[PAR,0,"What Is a Fluid?", 390 ]
,[PAR,0,"Pressure",393 ]
,[PAR,0,"Variation of Pressure with Depth in a Fluid", 395 ]
,[PAR,0,"Pascal's Principle",399 ]
,[PAR,0,"Gauge Pressure, Absolute Pressure, and Pressure Measurement", 401 ]
,[PAR,0,"Archimedes' Principle", 405 ]
,[PAR,0,"Cohesion and Adhesion in Liquids: Surface Tension and Capillary Action",411 ]
,[PAR,0,"Pressures in the Body",420 ]
,[CAP,12,"Fluid Dynamics and Its Biological and Medical Applications",435 ]
,[PAR,0,"Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity", 436 ]
,[PAR,0,"Bernoulli's Equation", 439 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Most General Applications of Bernoulli's Equation", 443 ]
,[PAR,0,"Viscosity and Laminar Flow; Poiseuille's Law", 446 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Onset of Turbulence", 453 ]
,[PAR,0,"Motion of an Object in a Viscous Fluid", 455 ]
,[PAR,0,"Molecular Transport Phenomena: Diffusion, Osmosis, and Related Processes", 457 ]
,[CAP,13,"Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws",471 ]
,[PAR,0,"Temperature", 472 ]
,[PAR,0,"Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids",479 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Ideal Gas Law",485 ]
,[PAR,0,"Kinetic Theory: Atomic and Molecular Explanation of Pressure and Temperature",491 ]
,[PAR,0,"Phase Changes", 497 ]
,[PAR,0,"Humidity, Evaporation, and Boiling", 502 ]
,[CAP,14,"Heat and Heat Transfer Methods", 517 ]
,[PAR,0,"Heat", 518 ]
,[PAR,0,"Temperature Change and Heat Capacity",519 ]
,[PAR,0,"Phase Change and Latent Heat", 525 ]
,[PAR,0,"Heat Transfer Methods", 531 ]
,[PAR,0,"Conduction", 532 ]
,[PAR,0,"Convection", 536 ]
,[PAR,0,"Radiation",541 ]
,[CAP,15,"Thermodynamics",557 ]
,[PAR,0,"The First Law of Thermodynamics", 558 ]
,[PAR,0,"The First Law of Thermodynamics and Some Simple Processes", 563 ]
,[PAR,0,"Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat Engines and Their Efficiency", 570 ]
,[PAR,0,"Carnot's Perfect Heat Engine: The Second Law of Thermodynamics Restated", 576 ]
,[PAR,0,"Applications of Thermodynamics: Heat Pumps and Refrigerators", 580 ]
,[PAR,0,"Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Disorder and the Unavailability of Energy", 585 ]
,[PAR,0,"Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: The Underlying Explanation", 592 ]
,[CAP,16,"Oscillatory Motion and Waves",607 ]
,[PAR,0,"Hooke's Law: Stress and Strain Revisited",608 ]
,[PAR,0,"Period and Frequency in Oscillations", 612 ]
,[PAR,0,"Simple Harmonic Motion: A Special Periodic Motion",613 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Simple Pendulum",618 ]
,[PAR,0,"Energy and the Simple Harmonic Oscillator",620 ]
,[PAR,0,"Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion",622 ]
,[PAR,0,"Damped Harmonic Motion",625 ]
,[PAR,0,"Forced Oscillations and Resonance", 629 ]
,[PAR,0,"Waves", 631 ]
,[PAR,0,"Superposition and Interference",634 ]
,[PAR,0,"Energy in Waves: Intensity", 639 ]
,[CAP,17,"Physics of Hearing",651 ]
,[PAR,0,"Sound", 652 ]
,[PAR,0,"Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength", 654 ]
,[PAR,0,"Sound Intensity and Sound Level", 657 ]
,[PAR,0,"Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms", 661 ]
,[PAR,0,"Sound Interference and Resonance: Standing Waves in Air Columns",666 ]
,[PAR,0,"Hearing", 673 ]
,[PAR,0,"Ultrasound", 678 ]
,[CAP,18,"Electric Charge and Electric Field", 693 ]
,[PAR,0,"Static Electricity and Charge: Conservation of Charge",695 ]
,[PAR,0,"Conductors and Insulators", 699 ]
,[PAR,0,"Coulomb's Law",703 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Field: Concept of a Field Revisited", 705 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Field Lines: Multiple Charges",707 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Forces in Biology",710 ]
,[PAR,0,"Conductors and Electric Fields in Static Equilibrium", 711 ]
,[PAR,0,"Applications of Electrostatics",715 ]
,[CAP,19,"Electric Potential and Electric Field ",733 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Potential Energy: Potential Difference", 734 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Potential in a Uniform Electric Field", 739 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electrical Potential Due to a Point Charge", 742 ]
,[PAR,0,"Equipotential Lines",744 ]
,[CAP,0,"Capacitors and Dielectrics",746 ]
,[CAP,0,"Capacitors in Series and Parallel",754 ]
,[PAR,0,"Energy Stored in Capacitors",757 ]
,[CAP,20,"Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law", 767 ]
,[PAR,0,"Current", 768 ]
,[PAR,0,"Ohm's Law: Resistance and Simple Circuits", 773 ]
,[PAR,0,"Resistance and Resistivity", 775 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Power and Energy",781 ]
,[PAR,0,"Alternating Current versus Direct Current", 783 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Hazards and the Human Body",787 ]
,[PAR,0,"Nerve Conduction-Electrocardiograms", 792 ]
,[CAP,21,"Circuits and DC Instruments", 807 ]
,[PAR,0,"Resistors in Series and Parallel",808 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electromotive Force: Terminal Voltage", 816 ]
,[PAR,0,"Kirchhoff's Rules", 824 ]
,[PAR,0,"DC Voltmeters and Ammeters", 829 ]
,[PAR,0,"Null Measurements",832 ]
,[PAR,0,"DC Circuits Containing Resistors and Capacitors", 835 ]
,[CAP,22,"Magnetism ", 853 ]
,[PAR,0,"Ferromagnets and Electromagnets",856 ]
,[PAR,0,"Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines", 860 ]
,[PAR,0,"Magnetic Field Strength: Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field", 861 ]
,[PAR,0,"Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field: Examples and Applications", 863 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Hall Effect",868 ]
,[PAR,0,"Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor",870 ]
,[PAR,0,"Torque on a Current Loop: Motors and Meters",872 ]
,[PAR,0,"Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere's Law", 876 ]
,[PAR,0,"Magnetic Force between Two Parallel Conductors",880 ]
,[PAR,0,"More Applications of Magnetism",881 ]
,[CAP,23,"Electromagnetic Induction, AC Circuits, and Electrical Technologies",899 ]
,[PAR,0,"Induced Emf and Magnetic Flux",900 ]
,[PAR,0,"Faraday's Law of Induction: Lenz's Law", 903 ]
,[PAR,0,"Motional Emf", 905 ]
,[PAR,0,"Eddy Currents and Magnetic Damping",908 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electric Generators", 911 ]
,[PAR,0,"Back Emf",915 ]
,[PAR,0,"Transformers", 916 ]
,[PAR,0,"Electrical Safety: Systems and Devices", 920 ]
,[PAR,0,"Inductance",924 ]
,[PAR,0,"RL Circuits", 928 ]
,[PAR,0,"Reactance, Inductive and Capacitive",930 ]
,[PAR,0,"RLC Series AC Circuits",933 ]
,[CAP,24,"Electromagnetic Waves",953 ]
,[PAR,0,"Maxwell's Equations: Electromagnetic Waves Predicted and Observed",954 ]
,[PAR,0,"Production of Electromagnetic Waves", 956 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Electromagnetic Spectrum",959 ]
,[PAR,0,"Energy in Electromagnetic Waves", 972 ]
,[CAP,25,"Geometric Optics", 983 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Ray Aspect of Light", 984 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Law of Reflection", 985 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Law of Refraction",987 ]
,[PAR,0,"Total Internal Reflection", 992 ]
,[PAR,0,"Dispersion: The Rainbow and Prisms",997 ]
,[PAR,0,"Image Formation by Lenses", 1002 ]
,[PAR,0,"Image Formation by Mirrors",1015 ]
,[CAP,26,"Vision and Optical Instruments", 1031 ]
,[PAR,0,"Physics of the Eye",1032 ]
,[PAR,0,"Vision Correction", 1036 ]
,[PAR,0,"Color and Color Vision", 1040 ]
,[PAR,0,"Microscopes", 1042 ]
,[PAR,0,"Telescopes", 1048 ]
,[PAR,0,"Aberrations", 1051 ]
,[CAP,27,"Wave Optics", 1059 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Wave Aspect of Light: Interference", 1060 ]
,[PAR,0,"Huygens's Principle: Diffraction", 1061 ]
,[PAR,0,"Young's Double Slit Experiment", 1064 ]
,[PAR,0,"Multiple Slit Diffraction",1068 ]
,[PAR,0,"Single Slit Diffraction", 1071 ]
,[PAR,0,"Limits of Resolution: The Rayleigh Criterion", 1074 ]
,[PAR,0,"Thin Film Interference", 1078 ]
,[PAR,0,"Polarization", 1083 ]
,[PAR,0,"*Extended Topic* Microscopy Enhanced by the Wave Characteristics of Light", 1091 ]
,[CAP,28,"Special Relativity", 1105 ]
,[PAR,0,"Einstein's Postulates", 1106 ]
,[PAR,0,"Simultaneity And Time Dilation",1108 ]
,[PAR,0,"Length Contraction",1114 ]
,[PAR,0,"Relativistic Addition of Velocities", 1118 ]
,[PAR,0,"Relativistic Momentum",1124 ]
,[PAR,0,"Relativistic Energy",1125 ]
,[CAP,29,"Introduction to Quantum Physics",1143 ]
,[PAR,0,"Quantization of Energy",1144 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Photoelectric Effect", 1147 ]
,[PAR,0,"Photon Energies and the Electromagnetic Spectrum", 1150 ]
,[PAR,0,"Photon Momentum", 1156 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Particle-Wave Duality", 1159 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Wave Nature of Matter",1160 ]
,[PAR,0,"Probability: The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle", 1164 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Particle-Wave Duality Reviewed",1169 ]
,[CAP,30,"Atomic Physics",1179 ]
,[PAR,0,"Discovery of the Atom",1180 ]
,[PAR,0,"Discovery of the Parts of the Atom: Electrons and Nuclei", 1181 ]
,[PAR,0,"Bohr's Theory of the Hydrogen Atom",1188 ]
,[PAR,0,"X Rays: Atomic Origins and Applications",1195 ]
,[PAR,0,"Applications of Atomic Excitations and De-Excitations",1200 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Wave Nature of Matter Causes Quantization", 1208 ]
,[PAR,0,"Patterns in Spectra Reveal More Quantization",1211 ]
,[PAR,0,"Quantum Numbers and Rules 1213 ",]
,[PAR,0,"The Pauli Exclusion Principle",1218 ]
,[CAP,31,"Radioactivity and Nuclear Physics", 1235 ]
,[PAR,0,"Nuclear Radioactivity", 1236 ]
,[PAR,0,"Radiation Detection and Detectors", 1240 ]
,[PAR,0,"Substructure of the Nucleus",1243 ]
,[PAR,0,"Nuclear Decay and Conservation Laws", 1247 ]
,[PAR,0,"Half-Life and Activity", 1254 ]
,[PAR,0,"Binding Energy",1260 ]
,[PAR,0,"Tunneling",1264 ]
,[CAP,32,"Medical Applications of Nuclear Physics", 1277 ]
,[PAR,0,"Medical Imaging and Diagnostics", 1278 ]
,[PAR,0,"Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation",1282 ]
,[PAR,0,"Therapeutic Uses of Ionizing Radiation", 1288 ]
,[PAR,0,"Food Irradiation",1290 ]
,[PAR,0,"Fusion", 1291 ]
,[PAR,0,"Fission", 1297 ]
,[PAR,0,"Nuclear Weapons", 1302 ]
,[CAP,33,"Particle Physics",1317 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Yukawa Particle and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Revisited",1318 ]
,[PAR,0,"The Four Basic Forces",1320 ]
,[PAR,0,"Accelerators Create Matter from Energy", 1322 ]
,[PAR,0,"Particles, Patterns, and Conservation Laws", 1325 ]
,[PAR,0,"Quarks: Is That All There Is?",1331 ]
,[PAR,0,"GUTs: The Unification of Forces", 1338 ]
,[CAP,34,"Frontiers of Physics", 1351 ]
,[PAR,0,"Cosmology and Particle Physics", 1352 ]
,[PAR,0,"General Relativity and Quantum Gravity", 1359 ]
,[PAR,0,"Superstrings", 1364 ]
,[PAR,0,"Dark Matter and Closure", 1365 ]
,[PAR,0,"Complexity and Chaos",1369 ]
,[PAR,0,"High-temperature Superconductors", 1370 ]
,[PAR,0,"Some Questions We Know to Ask", 1372 ]
,[CAP,0,"Appendix A: Atomic Masses",1381 ]
,[CAP,0,"Appendix B: Selected Radioactive Isotopes", 1387 ]
,[CAP,0,"Appendix C: Useful Information",1391 ]
,[CAP,0,"Appendix D: Glossary of Key Symbols and Notation",1395 ]
,[CAP,0,"Index ", 1407 ]
,[AN,0,"Impulso",471]
,[AN,0,"aberration", 1053]
,[AN,0,"aberrations", 1051]
,[AN,0,"absolute pressure", 401]
,[AN,0,"absolute zero", 474]
,[AN,0,"AC current", 784]
,[AN,0,"AC voltage", 784]
,[AN,0,"acceleration", 40]
,[AN,0,"acceleration due to gravity", 61]
,[AN,0,"accommodation", 1033]
,[AN,0,"Accuracy", 20]
,[AN,0,"accuracy", 26]
,[AN,0,"acoustic impedance ", 679]
,[AN,0,"active transport", 460]
,[AN,0,"activity", 1257]
,[AN,0,"adaptive optics", 1051]
,[AN,0,"adhesive forces", 411]
,[AN,0,"adiabatic", 568]
,[AN,0,"adiabatic process", 596]
,[AN,0,"air resistance", 104]
,[AN,0,"alpha", 1237]
,[AN,0,"alpha decay", 1248]
,[AN,0,"alpha rays", 1266]
,[AN,0,"Alternating current", 783]
,[AN,0,"alternating current", 797]
,[AN,0,"ammeter", 840]
,[AN,0,"ammeters", 829]
,[AN,0,"ampere", 768]
,[AN,0,"Ampere’s law", 878]
,[AN,0,"amplitude", 614]
,[AN,0,"amplitude modulation (AM)",]
,[AN,0,"Analog meters", 830]
,[AN,0,"analytical method", 120]
,[AN,0,"Analytical methods", 98]
,[AN,0,"Anger camera", 1306]
,[AN,0,"angular acceleration", 346]
,[AN,0,"angular magnification", 1049 ]
,[AN,0,"angular momentum", 366]
,[AN,0,"angular momentum quantum number", 1213]
,[AN,0,"angular velocity", 202]
,[AN,0,"antielectron", 1252]
,[AN,0,"antimatter", 1251]
,[AN,0,"antinode", 636]
,[AN,0,"approximation", 26]
,[AN,0,"approximations", 24]
,[AN,0,"arc length", 201]
,[AN,0,"Archimedes’ principle", 406]
,[AN,0,"astigmatism", 1038]
,[AN,0,"atom", 1180]
,[AN,0,"atomic de-excitation", 1201]
,[AN,0,"atomic excitation", 1201]
,[AN,0,"atomic mass", 1243]
,[AN,0,"atomic number", 1218]
,[AN,0,"atomic spectra", 1146]
,[AN,0,"Average Acceleration", 40]
,[AN,0,"average acceleration", 78]
,[AN,0,"Average speed", 37]
,[AN,0,"average speed", 76]
,[AN,0,"Average velocity", 37]
,[AN,0,"average velocity", 76]
,[AN,0,"Avogadro’s number", 488]
,[AN,0,"axions", 1373]
,[AN,0,"axis of a polarizing filter", 1084]
,[AN,0,"B-field", 860]
,[AN,0,"back emf", 915]
,[AN,0,"banked curve", 227]
,[AN,0,"banked curves", 210]
,[AN,0,"barrier penetration", 1265]
,[AN,0,"baryon number", 1329]
,[AN,0,"Baryons", 1329]
,[AN,0,"basal metabolic rate", 268]
,[AN,0,"beat frequency", 637]
,[AN,0,"becquerel", 1257]
,[AN,0,"Bernoulli’s equation", 440]
,[AN,0,"Bernoulli’s principle", 441]
,[AN,0,"beta", 1237]
,[AN,0,"beta decay", 1250]
,[AN,0,"beta rays", 1267]
,[AN,0,"Big Bang", 1354]
,[AN,0,"binding energy", 1148]
,[AN,0,"binding energy per nucleon", 1262]
,[AN,0,"bioelectricity", 792]
,[AN,0,"Biot-Savart law", 878]
,[AN,0,"birefringent", 1091]
,[AN,0,"Black holes", 1361]
,[AN,0,"black holes", 1374]
,[AN,0,"blackbodies", 1145]
,[AN,0,"blackbody", 1171]
,[AN,0,"blackbody radiation", 1145]
,[AN,0,"Bohr radius", 1192]
,[AN,0,"Boltzmann constant", 486]
,[AN,0,"boson", 1326]
,[AN,0,"bottom", 1336]
,[AN,0,"bow wake", 665]
,[AN,0,"break-even", 1295]
,[AN,0,"breeder reactors", 1301]
,[AN,0,"breeding", 1301]
,[AN,0,"bremsstrahlung", 1153]
,[AN,0,"Brewster’s angle", 1086]
,[AN,0,"Brewster’s law", 1086]
,[AN,0,"bridge device", 840]
,[AN,0,"bridge devices", 834]
,[AN,0,"Brownian motion", 1180]
,[AN,0,"buoyant force", 405]
,[AN,0,"capacitance", 747]
,[AN,0,"capacitive reactance", 932]
,[AN,0,"capacitor", 746]
,[AN,0,"capillary action", 417]
,[AN,0,"carbon-14 dating", 1255]
,[AN,0,"Carnot cycle", 576]
,[AN,0,"Carnot efficiency", 576]
,[AN,0,"Carnot engine", 576]
,[AN,0,"carrier particle", 163]
,[AN,0,"carrier wave", 962]
,[AN,0,"cathode-ray tube", 1224]
,[AN,0,"cathode-ray tubes", 1182]
,[AN,0,"Celsius", 473]
,[AN,0,"Celsius scale", 507]
,[AN,0,"center of gravity", 321]
,[AN,0,"center of mass", 216]
,[AN,0,"centrifugal force", 213]
,[AN,0,"centrifuge", 205]
,[AN,0,"centripetal acceleration", 204]
,[AN,0,"centripetal force", 208]
,[AN,0,"change in angular velocity", 347]
,[AN,0,"change in entropy", 585]
,[AN,0,"change in momentum", 288]
,[AN,0,"Chaos", 1370]
,[AN,0,"characteristic time constant", 928]
,[AN,0,"characteristic x rays", 1153]
,[AN,0,"charm", 1336]
,[AN,0,"chart of the nuclides", 1246]
,[AN,0,"chemical energy", 261]
,[AN,0,"classical physics", 10]
,[AN,0,"Classical relativity", 117]
,[AN,0,"classical relativity", 120]
,[AN,0,"classical velocity addition", 1133 ]
,[AN,0,"coefficient of linear expansion", 479]
,[AN,0,"coefficient of performance", 584]
,[AN,0,"coefficient of volume expansion", 481]
,[AN,0,"coherent", 1064]
,[AN,0,"cohesive forces", 411]
,[AN,0,"Colliding beams", 1323]
,[AN,0,"colliding beams", 1342]
,[AN,0,"color", 1337]
,[AN,0,"color constancy", 1041]
,[AN,0,"commutative", 95]
,[AN,0,"complexity", 1369]
,[AN,0,"component (of a 2-d vector)", 120 ]
,[AN,0,"components ", 98]
,[AN,0,"compound microscope", 1043]
,[AN,0,"Compton effect", 1157]
,[AN,0,"Conduction", 531]
,[AN,0,"conductor", 700]
,[AN,0,"Conductors", 711]
,[AN,0,"confocal microscopes", 1093]
,[AN,0,"conservation laws", 825]
,[AN,0,"Conservation of energy", 240 ]
,[AN,0,"conservation of mechanical energy", 254]
,[AN,0,"conservation of momentum principle", 291]
,[AN,0,"Conservation of total ", 1329 ]
,[AN,0,"conservation of total baryon number", 1329]
,[AN,0,"conservation of total electron family number", 1342]
,[AN,0,"conservation of total Lμ ", 1329]
,[AN,0,"conservation of total muon family number", 1342]
,[AN,0,"conservative force", 252]
,[AN,0,"constructive interference", 634]
,[AN,0,"constructive interference for a diffraction grating", 1069]
,[AN,0,"constructive interference for a double slit", 1066]
,[AN,0,"contact angle", 417]
,[AN,0,"Contrast", 1092]
,[AN,0,"contrast", 1094]
,[AN,0,"Convection", 531]
,[AN,0,"convection", 546]
,[AN,0,"converging (or convex) lens", 1002 ]
,[AN,0,"converging lens", 1022]
,[AN,0,"converging mirror", 1022 ]
,[AN,0,"conversion factor", 17]
,[AN,0,"Coriolis force", 214]
,[AN,0,"corner reflector", 996]
,[AN,0,"correspondence principle", 1144]
,[AN,0,"cosmic microwave background", 1355]
,[AN,0,"cosmological constant", 1365]
,[AN,0,"cosmological red shift", 1354]
,[AN,0,"Cosmology", 1352]
,[AN,0,"Coulomb force", 705]
,[AN,0,"Coulomb interaction", 711]
,[AN,0,"Coulomb’s law", 703]
,[AN,0,"critical angle", 993]
,[AN,0,"Critical damping", 626]
,[AN,0,"critical density", 1365]
,[AN,0,"critical mass", 1299]
,[AN,0,"critical point", 498]
,[AN,0,"Critical pressure", 498]
,[AN,0,"critical pressure", 507]
,[AN,0,"critical temperature", 498]
,[AN,0,"criticality", 1300]
,[AN,0,"curie", 1257]
,[AN,0,"Curie temperature", 857]
,[AN,0,"current", 808]
,[AN,0,"Current sensitivity", 830]
,[AN,0,"current sensitivity", 840]
,[AN,0,"cyclical process", 572]
,[AN,0,"cyclotron", 1322]
,[AN,0,"Dalton’s law of partial pressures", 501]
,[AN,0,"dark matter", 1365]
,[AN,0,"daughter", 1267]
,[AN,0,"daughters", 1247]
,[AN,0,"de Broglie wavelength", 1160]
,[AN,0,"decay", 1236]
,[AN,0,"decay constant", 1255]
,[AN,0,"decay equation", 1249]
,[AN,0,"decay series", 1247]
,[AN,0,"deceleration", 40]
,[AN,0,"defibrillator", 757]
,[AN,0,"deformation", 184]
,[AN,0,"degree Celsius", 473]
,[AN,0,"degree Fahrenheit", 473]
,[AN,0,"Density", 391]
,[AN,0,"density", 425]
,[AN,0,"dependent variable", 69]
,[AN,0,"derived units", 14]
,[AN,0,"destructive interference", 634]
,[AN,0,"destructive interference for a double slit", 1066]
,[AN,0,"destructive interference for a single slit", 1073]
,[AN,0,"dew point", 502]
,[AN,0,"dialysis", 459]
,[AN,0,"diastolic pressure", 403]
,[AN,0,"Diastolic pressure", 420]
,[AN,0,"dielectric", 750]
,[AN,0,"dielectric strength", 759]
,[AN,0,"dielectric strengths", 751]
,[AN,0,"diffraction", 1063]
,[AN,0,"diffraction grating", 1068]
,[AN,0,"Diffusion", 457]
,[AN,0,"digital meter", 840]
,[AN,0,"digital meters", 830]
,[AN,0,"dipole", 711]
,[AN,0,"Direct current", 783]
,[AN,0,"direct current", 797]
,[AN,0,"direction", 93]
,[AN,0,"direction (of a vector)", 120]
,[AN,0,"direction of magnetic field lines", 860]
,[AN,0,"direction of polarization", 1083]
,[AN,0,"Dispersion", 998]
,[AN,0,"dispersion", 1022]
,[AN,0,"displacement", 32]
,[AN,0,"Distance", 34]
,[AN,0,"distance", 76]
,[AN,0,"Distance traveled", 34]
,[AN,0,"distance traveled", 76]
,[AN,0,"diverging lens", 1004]
,[AN,0,"diverging mirror", 1022]
,[AN,0,"domains", 884]
,[AN,0,"Doppler effect", 661]
,[AN,0,"Doppler shift", 661]
,[AN,0,"Doppler-shifted ultrasound", 683]
,[AN,0,"Double-slit interference", 1190 ]
,[AN,0,"double-slit interference", 1224]
,[AN,0,"down", 1331]
,[AN,0,"drag force", 179]
,[AN,0,"drift velocity ", 771]
,[AN,0,"dynamic equilibrium", 316]
,[AN,0,"Dynamics", 132]
,[AN,0,"dynamics", 163]
,[AN,0,"eddy current", 908]
,[AN,0,"efficiency", 263]
,[AN,0,"Elapsed time", 36]
,[AN,0,"elapsed time", 77]
,[AN,0,"elastic collision", 294]
,[AN,0,"elastic potential energy", 610]
,[AN,0,"electric and magnetic fields", 972 ]
,[AN,0,"electric charge", 695]
,[AN,0,"electric current", 768]
,[AN,0,"electric field", 712]
,[AN,0,"electric field lines", 721]
,[AN,0,"Electric field lines", 955]
,[AN,0,"electric field strength", 706]
,[AN,0,"electric fields", 707]
,[AN,0,"electric generator", 940]
,[AN,0,"Electric generators", 911]
,[AN,0,"electric potential", 735]
,[AN,0,"electric power", 781]
,[AN,0,"Electrical energy", 261]
,[AN,0,"electrical energy", 273 ]
,[AN,0,"electrocardiogram (ECG)", 796]
,[AN,0,"electromagnet", 884]
,[AN,0,"electromagnetic force", 694]
,[AN,0,"electromagnetic induction", 902]
,[AN,0,"electromagnetic spectrum", 974 ]
,[AN,0,"electromagnetic waves", 953]
,[AN,0,"Electromagnetism", 857 ]
,[AN,0,"electromagnetism", 884 ]
,[AN,0,"electromagnets", 857]
,[AN,0,"electromotive force", 817]
,[AN,0,"electromotive force (emf)", 840]
,[AN,0,"electron", 721]
,[AN,0,"Electron capture", 1253]
,[AN,0,"electron capture equation", 1253]
,[AN,0,"electron family number ", 1329]
,[AN,0,"electron volt", 737]
,[AN,0,"electrons", 695]
,[AN,0,"electron’s antineutrino", 1251]
,[AN,0,"electron’s neutrino", 1253]
,[AN,0,"electrostatic equilibrium", 711]
,[AN,0,"electrostatic force", 703]
,[AN,0,"electrostatic precipitators", 718]
,[AN,0,"Electrostatic repulsion", 700 ]
,[AN,0,"electrostatic repulsion", 721 ]
,[AN,0,"electrostatics", 715]
,[AN,0,"electroweak epoch", 1358]
,[AN,0,"electroweak theory", 1338]
,[AN,0,"emf", 825]
,[AN,0,"emf induced in a generator coil", 913]
,[AN,0,"emissivity", 542]
,[AN,0,"endoscope", 995]
,[AN,0,"energies of hydrogen-like atoms", 1193]
,[AN,0,"energy", 240]
,[AN,0,"energy stored in an inductor ", 927]
,[AN,0,"energy-level diagram", 1191]
,[AN,0,"English units", 13]
,[AN,0,"entropy", 585]
,[AN,0,"equipotential line", 759]
,[AN,0,"equipotential lines", 744]
,[AN,0,"escape velocity", 1361]
,[AN,0,"event horizon", 1361]
,[AN,0,"external force", 134]
,[AN,0,"external forces", 133]
,[AN,0,"External forces", 164]
,[AN,0,"Extremely low frequency (ELF)", 961 ]
,[AN,0,"extremely low frequency (ELF)", 974 ]
,[AN,0,"eyepiece", 1043]
,[AN,0,"Fahrenheit", 473]
,[AN,0,"Fahrenheit scale", 507]
,[AN,0,"far point", 1036]
,[AN,0,"Faraday cage", 714]
,[AN,0,"Faraday’s law of induction", 903]
,[AN,0,"Farsightedness", 1036]
,[AN,0,"fermion", 1326]
,[AN,0,"ferromagnetic", 856]
,[AN,0,"Feynman diagram", 1321]
,[AN,0,"Fiber optics", 994]
,[AN,0,"fiber optics", 1022]
,[AN,0,"fictitious force", 213]
,[AN,0,"field", 721]
,[AN,0,"fine structure", 1212]
,[AN,0,"first law of thermodynamics", 558]
,[AN,0,"first postulate of special relativity", 1107]
,[AN,0,"fission fragments", 1298]
,[AN,0,"flat (zero curvature) universe", 1366]
,[AN,0,"flavors", 1331]
,[AN,0,"Flow rate", 436]
,[AN,0,"flow rate", 460]
,[AN,0,"fluid dynamics", 436]
,[AN,0,"fluids", 390]
,[AN,0,"Fluorescence", 1201]
,[AN,0,"fluorescence", 1224]
,[AN,0,"focal length", 1002]
,[AN,0,"focal point", 1002]
,[AN,0,"force", 133]
,[AN,0,"force constant", 609]
,[AN,0,"force field", 159]
,[AN,0,"fossil fuels", 271]
,[AN,0,"free charge", 721]
,[AN,0,"free charges", 711]
,[AN,0,"free electron", 721]
,[AN,0,"free electrons", 699]
,[AN,0,"free radicals", 1291]
,[AN,0,"free-body diagram", 133]
,[AN,0,"free-fall", 61]
,[AN,0,"Frequency", 612]
,[AN,0,"frequency", 642]
,[AN,0,"frequency modulation", 962]
,[AN,0,"frequency modulation (FM)", 974 ]
,[AN,0,"friction", 135]
,[AN,0,"Friction", 174]
,[AN,0,"full-scale deflection", 830]
,[AN,0,"fundamental", 668]
,[AN,0,"fundamental frequency", 636]
,[AN,0,"fundamental particle", 1331]
,[AN,0,"fundamental units", 14]
]